Department of Computer Applications
MCA is a two year professional Master’s Degree in Computer Science & its Applications. The course is designed to meet the growing demand for qualified professionals in the field of information technology. The MCA programme is dedicated to application development and thus has more emphasis on latest programming languages and tools to develop better and faster tools. State-of-the-art infrastructure, air conditioned computer labs with the latest advances in technology and comprehensive study material make this Department a class apart. The department is equipped with a dedicated library for quick reference. Global Institute is one of the Best MCA Institute in Amritsar.
Areas of Focus:
- The MCA program focuses on providing a sound theoretical background as well as good practical exposure to students in the relevant areas.
- The programmes aim at the understanding of the fundamentals of computing among the students so that they can compete in the present-day global situation. It is intended to provide a modern, industry-oriented education in applied computer science.
- As the IT and the software industry are dynamic and fast growing, the programme is designed and conducted keeping in view the requirements of industry. Students are trained in the fields of Systems Designing, Application Software Development, Enterprise Resource Planning, Computer Networks and Protocols, System Administration, Web Designing and Development, Database Administration, Parallel and Vector Processing, Data Mining and Warehousing, etc.
The Programme of MCA covers various aspect of computational theory, programming, algorithm design, optimization, network and database management etc. As the IT and software industry are dynamic and fast growing, all programmes are designed keeping in view the requirements of industry. This Programme also places equal importance on the functional knowledge in various areas.
- To enhance the knowledge and skills of the students in problem solving and data analyzing.
- To provide opportunity to gain accreditation, marketable work skills which in turn can lead to employment opportunities.
- Implement theoretical Knowledge to solve real life problems through ingenuity and articulation which is heart of performance and practice.
- Develop analytical capability
- Imbibe in the students the ability to rise above functional barriers and take a holistic view of the entire professional values.
To evolve into a centre of excellence in computer applications through leading edge education, research, innovation and services, which will in turn contribute towards solving complex societal problems and thus building a peaceful and prosperous mankind.
- Creating an excellent learning environment to foster globally competent Computer Applications professionals.
- Imparting quality technical knowledge by experienced and dedicated faculty, synergized with Industrial interactions and R & D activities.
- Providing a vibrant environment to facilitate students’ professional and personal skills and values.
Program Education Objectivess(PEOs)
- Graduates shall have strong practical and theoretical expertise in Computer Applications and allied engineering, in mathematics and science and shall opt for employment or higher studies or research or entrepreneurship, either in India or abroad
- Graduates shall have global outlook, technological leadership, creative thinking towards innovation and enterprise to contribute to society.
- Graduates shall have excellent teamwork, communication, interpersonal skills, high morals and ethical values.
Program Outcomes (POs)
PO1: Computational Knowledge: Apply knowledge of computing fundamentals, computing specialization, mathematics, and domain knowledge appropriate for the computing specialization to the abstraction and conceptualization of computing models from defined problems and requirements.
PO2: Problem Analysis: Identify, formulate, research literature, and solve complex computing problem searching substantiated conclusions using fundamental principles of mathematics, computing sciences, and relevant domain disciplines.
PO3: Design /Development of Solutions: Design and evaluate solutions for complex computing problems, and design and evaluate systems, components, or processes that meet specified needs with appropriate consideration for public health and safety, cultural, societal, and environmental considerations.
PO4: Conduct investigations of complex Computing problems: User search-based knowledge and research methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and synthesis of the information to provide valid conclusions.
PO5: Modern Tool Usage: Create, select, adapt and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern computing tools to complex computing activities, with an understanding of the limitations.
PO6: Professional Ethics: Understand and commit to professional ethics and cyber regulations, responsibilities, and norms of professional computing practices.
PO7: Life-long Learning: Recognize the need, and have the ability, to engage in independent learning for continual development as a computing professional.
PO8: Project management and finance: Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the computing and management principles and apply these to one’s own work, as a member and leader in a team to manage projects and in multidisciplinary environments.
PO9: Communication Efficacy: Communicate effectively with the computing community, and with society at large, about complex computing activities by being able to comprehend and write effective reports, design documentation, make effective presentations, and give and understand clear instructions.
PO10: Societal and Environmental Concern: Understand and assess societal, environmental, health, safety, legal, and cultural issues within local and global contexts, and the consequential responsibilities relevant to professional computing practices.
PO11: Individual and Team Work: Function effectively as an individual and as a member or leader in diverse teams and in multidisciplinary environments.
PO12: Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Identify a timely opportunity and using innovation to pursue that opportunity to create value and wealth for the betterment of the individual and society at large.
PROGRAM SPECIFIC OUTCOMES (PSOs)
PSO1:An ability to understand the principles and working of computer systems.
PSO2:An ability to understand the structure and development methodologies of software systems and practical competence with a broad range of programming language and open-source platforms.
PSO3:An ability to apply mathematical methodologies to solve computation task, model real world problem using appropriate data structure and suitable algorithm.
|1.||SOFTWARE ENGINEERING LAB||VISUAL STUDIO CODE,ORACLE 10G, UNIX, LINUX, ADOBE PHOTOSHOP|
|2.||OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING LAB||TURBO C/C++, PYTHON|
|3.||WEB TECHNOLOGIES LAB||SQL SERVER, SQL MANAGEMENT STUDIO, XAMPP|
|4.||SYSTEM PROGRAMMING LAB||JAVA 8.2 (JDK 8) AND VB.NET, APACHE NETBEANS|
|5.||COMPUTER NETWORKS LAB||CRIMPING TOOLS, RJ-45, PACKET TRACER|
|6.||DESIGN & ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHM LAB||R STUDIO IDE, ANACONDA, PYCHARM, ANDROID STUDIO|
Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications conducted “Club Talk” activity on 06-09-2023 for the students of MCA and BCA.
Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications organized “Tech Intellect Quiz on 30-08-2023 for the students of MCA & BCA.
Tech Crafts Crops Club of Department of Computer Applications organised “One Minutes Talk “ activity on 24-08-2023 for students of MCA and BCA.
Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications organized “Surmise The Symbol” activity on 17-08-2023 for the students of MCA and BCA
TECH CRAFT CORPS CLUB of Computer Applications Department organized an Activity of “THE CODEWAR” on 10th August 2023 for MCA and BCA students.
“The Department of Computer Applications organized One Day Workshop on the “Art of Writing and Publishing Effective Research paper” on 14.6.2023 in the college campus.”
“TECH CRAFT CORPS CLUB of Computer Applications Department organized an Activity of “ROLE MODEL” on 27th April 2023 for MCA and BCA students.”
Tech Craft Crops Club of Department of Computer Applications organized an industrial visit to Hoping Minds Mohali on 22-04-2023.”
“TECH CRAFT CORPS CLUB of the Department of Computer Applications organized an Activity called “CODESPARK” on 20th April 2023 for MCA and BCA students.”
“Tech-Craft-Corps Club of the Department of Computer Applications organized a seminar on the topic of “Data Science and Its Concepts” on 12-04-2023.”
“Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications organized Self Orientation event on 6th April 2023.”
“Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications organized “WE ARE JUDGY” on 30th March 2023.”
“Tech-Craft-Corps Club of the Department of Computer Applications organized a seminar on “Machine Learning: Foundations and Fundamentals” on 29-03-2023.”
“Tech-Craft-Corps Club of the Department of Computer Applications organized a seminar on “Industrial Insights to Ensure the Best Careers” on 24-03-2023.”
“Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications organized “Inference The Symbol” activity on 02-03-2023 for the students of MCA and BCA to assess their knowledge and presence of mind on the displayed logo.”
Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications organized “Floor Show” event during departmental activity period on 9th March 2023.
Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications organized “Floor Show” event during departmental activity period on 9th March 2023. The theme of the event was Singing and Dancing in which the students of MCA and BCA participated. The main Objective of the event was to fuse education with enjoyment and helping students to gain confidence by providing them the chance to perform in front of the audience. All the students presented themselves in a variety of ways. Everyone in audience applauded for the student’s there. The First position in singing was bagged by Jasleen from Bca-2nd sem followed by Swayam and Aaqib of Bca-4th sem scoring second and third position respectively. The First position in Dancing was bagged by Manjot singh of Bca-4th sem followed by Muskan scoring second position. The winner students were awarded with the certificates.
“The Department of Computer Applications organized an Industrial visit to Kocher Infotech Limited, Amritsar on 03rd March, 2023 for students of BCA (2th Semester).”
“Tech-Craft-Corps Club of the Department of Computer Applications & IQAC organized a seminar on “LATEST TRENDS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE CUM INTERVIEW PREPARATION TIPS” on 27-02-2023.”
Tech Craft Corps Club of the Department of Computer Applications organized “I AM SMARTIOUS” Quiz competition on Feburary 16, 2023.
TECH CRAFT CORPS CLUP of the Department of Computer Applications organized the Activity of “ANTAKSHARI” on 24th November 2022
TECH CRAFT CORPS CLUP of the Department of Computer Applications organized the Activity of “ANTAKSHARI” on 24th November 2022.
“Antakshari” is an Indian word which means the last letter. That is what the game is all about. The game can be played by two or more people and is popular as a group activity during commutes, and social gatherings. The first singer has to sing two complete lines and then s/he may stop at the end of those or following lines. The last letter of the last word sung is then used by the next singer to sing another song, starting with that letter. The winner or winning team is decided by a process of elimination. The person or team that cannot come up with a song with the right consonant is eliminated if their opponents can produce such a song.
The event comprises two rounds. The preliminary round was extremely entertaining, In which we provided chits and with the teams having to sing a song starting from particular word mentioned in the chit.
In Second round there were a battle round , in which team have to continue with the last word of previous song and where the song get dropped. The another team will continue with the song.
TECH CRAFT CORPS CLUP of the Department of Computer Applications organized the Activity of “TREASURE HUNT” on 03 November 2022.
TECH CRAFT CORPS CLUP of the Department of Computer Applications organized the Activity of “TREASURE HUNT” on 03 November 2022.
“Treasure Hunt” is a game or activity in which items are hidden in a particular area for students to search out and find. Usually, they’re given a set of clues to help them do this.
Treasure Hunts are very versatile activities. They can take place indoors or outdoors and can be used to support learning in a wide range of different subjects and topics. This is because students’s treasure hunt clues can be used to test and practice a variety of different academic skills and areas of knowledge.
There were one round in this activity and students was given 20 minutes to find the given items. The Winners selected based on the treasures and minimum time.
The following were the names of Treasure Hunt winner team:-
Aniket Kumar Bharti and Sezal sachan (BCA-1 Sem)
Aditya Suri and Sharad Sharma (BCA-1 Sem)
Archit Sharma and Mehak (BCA-1 Sem)
Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications organized “Talent Hunt ” on 27th October 2022.”
“Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications organized “JAM” (Just A Minute) activity on 20th October 2022.”
“Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications organized “DEBATE” Competition on 6th Oct 2022.”
Tech Craft Crops Club of the
Department of Computer Applications organized DUMB CHARADES activity on 29-09-2022.
LOGO GUESS CHALLENGE ACTIVITY
“TECH CRAFT CORPS CLUB of Computer Applications Department organized an Activity of “CODESPARK” on 01 September 2022 for MCA and BCA students.
The purpose of CODESPARK Activity was to help students to learn the code by igniting their curiosity in computer programming.
• It is a time based activity.
▪︎ Students can use any programming language.
Students were given the programs spontaneously.
The following students were declared as a winners:-
Singh (BCA 5th sem)
2nd position :-
Gurtejwant Kaur (BCA 5th Sem)
Dhruv Dhar (BCA 3rd Sem)
The winners were awarded certificates.
“Group Discussion” on 19 Oct 2021
Group discussion is a platform which gives the opportunity for young aspiring minds to put their opinions, innovative ideas, suggestions on table. Apart from being a healthy discussion, it also acts as a tool to enhance the speaking, idea generation and leadership skills of students.
TECH TALK CLUB of CSE & BCA Department organised ”Group Discussion” for the students of the department.
Topics for Group Discussion were:
1. IS INDIA READY FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES ?
2. PAKISTAN: AN ENEMY OR A FRIEND ?Total 18 students participated out of 55
Razwaan BCA 1st sem (1st Position)
Rawat Singh BCA 3rd sem (2nd Position)
Prajjwal CSE 3rd sem (3rd Position)
Vishal BCA 1st sem (3rd Position).
“Dexterity” on 28th Oct 2021
Tech Craft Corps Club of the Department of Computer Applications organized the event “Dexterity” on 28th Oct 2021 for MCA & BCA Students.The objective of this competition was to develop the interest of students in the areas of Computer Science and Programming Languages.
A total of 53 students participated in this event.
A total of 15 students were selected for Round-2.
Ishqdeep Singh of BCA-3rd year scored the first position.
Kiranjot Kaur of BCA 3rd year and Vishaldeep Singh of BCA 1st year scored the 2nd position.
The winners were awarded certificates.
Tech Craft Corps Club of the Department of Computer Applications has organized the event “Technical Quiz” on 8th September 2022 during the activity period for BCA and MCA students.
Tech Craft Corps Club of the Department of Computer Applications has organized the event “Technical Quiz” on 8th September 2022 during the activity period for BCA and MCA students. The Objective of the event was to let the students do critical thinking, and get into a habit of innovative learning .They collaborated and worked in teams.
The following students were declared as a winners:-
1st Position-Team of Mohit,Radhika,Suruchi of BCA-5th sem.
2nd Position-Team of Zahir Mughal,Vishaldeep Singh,Amit Kumar of BCA-3rd sem.
The winners were awarded with certificates.
“WEBINAR On Web Development using PHP” on 18th June 2021
Tech-Craft-Corps Club of the Department of Computer Applications organized a Webinar on 18-6-2021 in which an alumni of MCA Batch 2012-2015 Ms. Shivani Sharma shared a piece of information on Web Development using PHP. Ms. Shivani Sharma currently employed as Sr. Web Developer and Team Leader in Netweb Technologies, Mohali. She has earned a rich experience of 6 years as Web Developer. She given brief introduction to various tags and attributes used for Web Development. She also created small web pages using PHP as a backend and HTML, CSS as Frontend. A total of 60 participants were participated in this webinar.
“Webinar on Latest Trends in IT” ” on 9th June 2021
Tech-Craft-Corps Club of the Department of Computer Applications of Global Group of Institutes has organized a Webinar on 9-6-2021 in which an Alumni of MCA Batch 2015-2018 Ms.Navdeep Kaur delivered a talk for the students. Ms.Navdeep Kaur is currently employed with The Co- operators , Guelph, Canada. She has earned a rich experience as a Technical Support Specialist in Operations Management at Transcom, USA. She has shared her experience from Global Group of Institutes to Canada and briefed the gathering about the Latest Trends in IT . She also gave detailed information on Cloud Computing, Server Administration, Various Programming Languages, Website Development, UI/UX Development, Mobile Technology, Networking, Core Scripting Languages
“Webinar on “Handling Data Using MySQL” ” on 5th June 2021
Tech-Craft-Corps Club of the Department of Computer Applications of Global Group of Institutes organized a Webinar on “Handling Data Using MySQL” on 5-6-2021. Er. Sandeep Jain, Database Specialist from Wolters Kluwer India Pvt. Ltd Pune was the Expert Speaker for this webinar. In his interactive session, he gave detailed information about the MySQL database – which is one of most popular sources for designing a database these days. Er. Jain also gave practical hands-on experience on creating tables and how to apply primary and foreign key constraints. The Webinar was a great success and well appreciated by the students and faculty members.
Webinar on “Security and Survival in Hyperconnected World” on 29th April 2021
Todays, Tech-Craft-CorpsClub of the Department of Computer Applications of Global Group of Institutes organized a Webinar on “Security and Survival in Hyperconnected World”. Dr.Maninder Singh, Professor& Head, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology, Patiala was the Expert Speaker for this webinar. He explained from driverless cars to smart thermostats, from autonomous stock-trading systems to drones equipped, the Internet now has direct effects on the physical world. He explores the risks and security implications of our new, hyper-connected era, and lays out common-sense policies that will allow us to enjoy the benefits of this omnipotent period without falling target to the consequences of its insecurity.The webinar was a great success and well appreciated by the students and faculty members. E- certificate has been issued to all participants.
“PICTO” on 18th March 2021
Co-Curricular activities are those which are undertaken side by side with the curricular activities. A co-curricular activity essentially takes place outside a typical pen and pencil classroom experience. It gives the students an opportunity to develop particular skills. These activities actually are complementary to curricular activities that groom the students in the art of living. With this aim today “Tech Craft Corps Club” of Department of Computer Applications organized a departmental activity named “PICTO 2021” in seminar hall of
the Institute. In this event students need to participate in team of two members to recognize the images. The participants have to guess the images displayed on the projector and catch the word. The team who recognized more images treated as the winner of the day. Students participated in the event with full zeal and enthusiasm. There were 12 teams in first round from BCA & MCA classes out of which 7 were selected to participate in second round.
At the end, Ridhamand Ritish Malhotra from BCA 2 grab the first position apart from this Sourav Bhagat and Mritunjay Kumar from BCA 3 scored second position.
“TECHNICAL QUIZ” on 18th Feb 2021
Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications has organized “TECHNICAL QUIZ” during the department activity period. In this event, students of MCA and BCA have participated actively. The aim of the activity was to assess the technical skills and knowledge of the participants.There were 44 participants in first round from BCA & MCA classes out of which 10 were selected to participate in second round. At the end, the winner of competition were1st: Gaurav Kumar (BCA3),2nd: Raminder Kaur (MCA3) and 3rd: Ishqdeep Singh (BCA2)
“Webinar on Wearable Computing” on 6 Jan 2021
Department of Computer Applications, Department of Applied Sciences and Humanities jointly organized a webinar on “Wearable Computing” using ZOOM APP on 6th Jan 2021.
The Keynote speaker of the Webinar was Dr. Anil Kumar Verma, Professor, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Thapar Institute of Engg& Technology, Patiala.
The webinar started with a brief introduction about basic networking concepts followed by its various practical aspects. Further, the talk was focussed on basics of networking, mobile communication, internet and practical implication of wearable computing. During the talk certain applications of this paradigm were discussed with an eye on future research directions at International level. Likely to be an eye-opener for young minds and the attendees.
E-Certificate of participation were issued to students after submission of feedback form. Sample of certificate is attached here.
Photography Competition” on 8th March 2019
Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications organized “Photography Competition” on 8th March 2019 in the Institute premises in which the students showcased their remarkable talent in Photography. Vaibhav & Harmeek Singh of Diploma ECE 4th Sem scored first position. Amit Kumar & Gagandeep of B.Tech CSE 8th Sem scored 2nd position and Neeraj Kumar & Jaskaran of B.Tech ME 6th Sem scored 3rd position. The winners were awarded with certificates by Dr. M. S. Saini (Director GIMET), Dr Maninder Singh(OSD) and Dr. Leena Jain (Head Department of Computer Application.
One day trip to Sri Anandpur Sahib on 16.02.2019
Department of Computer Applications Organized one day trip to Sri Anandpur Sahib on 16.02.2019 for their students. The purpose of the trip was to let the students know about the rich heritage of the Khalsa Panth. The students paid obeisance at Takht Sri Kesgarh Sahib and also visited the heritage museum Virasat-e-Khalsa.
Technical Aptitude Test” on 23rd Jan 2019
Tech Craft Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications organized “Technical Aptitude Test” on 23rd Jan 2019.The Objective of the test was to assess the technical skills and knowledge of participants. More than 50 Students of different streams participated in this Competition. Ms. Manisha of MCA stood first position, Mr. Abhi Chohan of MCA stood 2nd position and Mr. Sagar Sethi of B.Tech CSE stood third Position. The winners were awarded with certificates by Dr. M. S. Saini, Director (GIMET) and Dr. Leena Jain Head (CA).
Seminar On “Success with Technology and Entrepreneurship” (14th September 2018)
Tech-Craft-Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications of Global Institute of Management & Emerging Technologies, one of the best college for BCA in Amritsar has organized a Seminar on “Success with Technology and Entrepreneurship” for MCA & BCA students. The expert for the session was Google Certified Trainer Er. Vishal Khanna, YouTaar Solutions -Jalandhar. In his interactive session he gave thorough information about the need of new technologies, Why android was formed?, New android hybrid things, Google AdWords, Google Analytics, Google AdSense, Display Marketing, Search Marketing, Video Ads, Mobile Ads, AdMob, New Programming Languages, Why PHP and ASP.NET is going out of Market?, How to Enter into Google?, How to Become Google Partner?, How to Earn from the Internet? and How to start a business without investment? etc. The Seminar was a great success and well appreciated by the students and faculty members.
Workshop on “LAN Devices” (4th September 2018)
The science of Computers and IT has moved way ahead and continuous teaching with the latest concepts to students is becoming utmost necessary.
In order to clarify upon the basic concepts as being required by various IT giants, Tech-Craft-Corps Club of Department of Computer Applications of Global Institutes Amritsar has organized a Workshop on “LAN Devices” for its MCA & BCA students. The expert for the session was Mr. Nishant Kumar, Network Administrator at one of the technological lab at Jalandhar.
Dr. Leena Jain ,Head of the Computer Application Department motivated the students and her students learnt about networking devices i.e, hub, switch, router, NIC, modem , IP classes and IP addressing ,guided media i.e. twisted pair, coaxial, fiber optic, straight and cross cable, working of CISCO Packet Tracer and LAN, MAN, WAN using Cisco Packet Tracer. The Workshop was a great success and was well appreciated by the students, faculty members and placement cell.
National Workshop on “Internet of Things
Department of Computer Applications of Global Institutes organized One Day National Workshop on “Internet of Things” on 5th March 2018. First Technical Session was taken by Dr. Pankaj Deep Kaur, Associate Professor, Department of Computer Science, Guru Nanak Dev University Regional Campus, Jalandhar on “IOT- A Catalyst for the Smarter World”. She initiated her talk by introducing definition of IOT with alternative examples, need of IOT, how this technology is being used in day-to-day life, important aspects of IOT, association between Big Data and IOT.Second Technical Session was taken by Dr. Sandeep Sood, Professor, Department of Computer Science & Engineering from Guru Nanak Dev University Regional Campus, Gurdaspur. He gave an illuminating talk on”Emerging trends in Internet of Things”. In his address, he explained the concept of IOT with examples, architecture of IOT, security issues and applications of IOT and various research challenges in IOT. In both technical sessions, the student actively participated and interacted with the speakers and raised a number of issues pertaining to the topics. Overall the workshop was a great success and well appreciated by the students and faculty members. Dr. Leena Jain, organizing Secretary of the Event, thanked the guests and said that this workshop will augment the research orientation of the participants and will also provide exposure to enhance the quality of research.
One Day National seminar on “Cyber Crimes & Security Threats in Digital World” on 1st September 2017.
Department of Computer Applications of Global Institute of Management & Emerging Technologies organized One Day National seminar on “Cyber Crimes & Security Threats in Digital World” on 1st September 2017. First Technical Session was taken by Dr. Hardeep Singh, Professor, Department of Computer Science, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar on “Cyber Crimes: Current Status & Challenges”. Second Technical Session was taken by Dr. Maninder Singh Professor, Department of Computer Science & Engineering from Thapar University Patiala. Dr. Singh gave an exhilarating talk on “First Line of defense: My PASSWORD”.
One Day National Workshop on “Embedded System” on 17th August 2017
Second Technical Session was taken by Dr. Mandeep Singh Senior Faculty from Thapar University Patiala. Dr. Singh gave an exhilarating talk on WIRELESS EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FOR HEALTH MONITORING. In his address, Dr Singh appraised the group of more than 150 students of the latest trends in wearable sensors for continuously monitoring sensitive information like heart rate, respiration rate, oxygen level in blood for the subject that are doing critical tasks including sports activities and soldiers in ambush. This technology can save many lives by timely intervention. The talk was well received by both the faculty and students.
In both technical sessions the student actively participated and interacted with the speakers and raised a number of issues pertaining to the topics. Overall the workshop was a great success and well appreciated by the students, faculty members and research scholars.